Strong Words: Pumping Up Your Writing With Better Vocabulary
Where to find the Word
As a Word Nerd, I love discovering new words, new ways to use words, and new meanings for words I thought I knew. Artists in all genres stay fresh and evolve by learning new skills, trying new techniques, and revisiting the classics to learn again. Similarly, writers know the value of constantly building their vocabulary. Writers at any level can benefit from learning new words and new ways to say things. This column will offer a few ways to pump up your vocabulary so you can sound like the smarty-pants that you are.
First step to building your vocabulary:
Read the dictionary…cover to cover…then quiz yourself. If you get less than 70% correct, you must quit writing forever.
KIDDING. I would never advocate reading the dictionary. It’s not feasible, and, sorry old-school-professors and English teachers, but it’s just plain BORING. That said, knowing how and where to look up a word is a good thing. If you love the feel of a giant tome, by all means pick up a hefty copy of the Oxford English Dictionary or Roget’s Thesaurus. But, since just about everything is available online, you can lighten your load a bit by using some of these excellent online resources.
- Mirriam-Webster Dictionary and Thesaurus: http://www.merriam-webster.com/
- Oxford English Dictionary (OED): http://www.oed.com/ (This is typically a pay site, but most universities and libraries are subscriber’s, so try those resources first before you bust out your credit card. Several city and county libraries I have been a member of offered online access using your library card, so I didn’t even have to leave the house.)
- Roget’s Thesaurus: This is not available through the publisher online, but I found two sites that offered online access to the content of the old classic.
Of course there are many other options online, including Wikipedia and plain ol’ Google (or Google Scholar). I do caution against using just any online source. Cross-check the word in a few places. Not only can you weed out the bogus sites, but you can get an idea of the other ways a word might be used.
I find the best way to build vocabulary is to practice curiosity. Subscribe to a word-a-day service, or just make a point of looking up a random word every so often and throwing it into your writing to see how it works. Look up words you think you know and find out where they came from. The OED is a great source for finding the etymology or history of a word. Look up both synonyms AND antonyms. If you speak another language, translate it and see how it translates. Even if you only took a few years of French or Japanese in high school, this can still be interesting. Building a story around the word can help you remember it in the future.
Instead of reading the dictionary, a fun way to boost your vocab skills is by reading more and reading more variety. Here's a couple ways to branch out:
Get your news from somewhere else
Drop that fashion mag
Try The New Yorker, Harpers, The Altantic Monthly, or any magazine that does more than reprint the AP stories about cats reunited with their families or what the Real Housewives are complaining about. Grab a great literary magazine like Granta, McSweeney's, Tin House, Missouri Review, or one of the many others out there.
Read books that you typically wouldn’t
My husband likes to read a lot of books that I would never choose for myself, but I read them when he’s done. Not only do I learn something (he tends toward historical and psychological genres), but I’m forced to read from a vocabulary and style I might typically avoid. Read the classics, too, and not just because some of them are SOO GOOD, but because older books use a different set of vocabulary. You can learn a lot about the roots of words by reading older works that use them differently.
No really. Even if you “don’t get it” or "don't really like it," the poetic format forces brevity and economy. Poets must use the best word for the job for every word of the poem. They are masters of vocabulary. I was reluctant to read poetry for a long time until I took a class in college that challenged me to unfold the words in the poem one at a time and work at them like a puzzle. This helped me really appreciate the art of poetry and I leaned a whole load of new words like "numismatic" or "sublunary" (look 'em up). If you want a mind bender, pick up some Paul Muldoon or John Donne . Better yet, browse Poets.org and see what interests you.
Enough blabbing, now you do it
This week, I challenge you to do a little reading. Stick your head into your bookshelf or anyone’s bookshelf, for that matter, and find 2 or 3 words that either
- you’ve never heard before
- you know, but haven’t seen used in a certain way, or
- that you think is being used in a unique or especially perfect way.
For each word do the following four steps:
- write the sentence you saw it in and name the work or article it came from
- explain why it stood out to you
- define the word
- write your own sentence using the word
Here's an example of how to do this activity:
- I chose the word “miasma” from the book A Visit from the Goon Squad by Jennifer Egan. Here’s the original sentence from page 32.
He’d been relieving himself on the can in what must have been (although Bennie’s brain ached to recall this) a miasma of annihilating stink, when the unlockable bathroom door had jumped open, and there was Abby, staring down at him.
I picked this word because it seemed to be used in such a perfect way. It’s not a word I’ve seen used often, and I felt that this particular usage was appropriate. The heavy consonants of the “m” and “sm” give the word a thick, palpable quality, similar to the thick, offending smell that it’s describing. The alliteration of the ‘i’ ‘a’ and ‘n’ sounds seem to drag out the image to give the idea of a truly encompassing odor.
- Definition (from Merriam Webster):
mi·as·ma (noun): 1) a vaporous exhalation formerly believed to cause disease; also : a heavy vaporous emanation or atmosphere <a miasma of tobacco smoke> 2) an influence or atmosphere that tends to deplete or corrupt <freed from the miasma of poverty — Sir Arthur Bryant>; also : an atmosphere that obscures : fog
- Here is my own sentence:
Even from the front porch, Evelyn’s nose itched as waves of cherry vanilla ice cream, pumpkin spice, and Dutch apple pie wafted through the screen door; she took one last breath of fresh air before entering the miasma of sweet smells that emanated from every Yankee Candle-covered shelf and Glade Plug-in-infested outlet of Lynnette’s home.
Please pretty please, post your findings here. We can multiply our learning by sharing what we find. Or you can email me directly: firstname.lastname@example.org.
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