Columns > Published on April 11th, 2017

Hail Satan! The Return Of REAL 80's Nostalgia

I hate 80's nostalgia.

Back in the early 2000’s, it was all the rage. Frats, sororities, clubs, and various karaoke bars would regularly host “80's” nights where they encouraged their guests to dress in neon garb, pop their collective collars, and style their hair with enough Aquanet to burn another hole in the ozone. People loved it. They considered the 80’s to be a simpler time; a time of bad fashion, even worse music, and a President suffering from early onset Alzheimer’s. During this thankfully brief period, no one bothered mentioning all of the not so simple 80’s. They never mentioned crack, the Median cartel, the first housing crisis, or living with the constant specter of nuclear annihilation.

And they sure as hell didn’t mention Satanic Panic.

For those of you who’ve never heard the reference before, I encourage you to jump on Amazon Prime and check out the television show Unsolved Mysteries. If you’ve never seen it, you’re in for a treat. The show was hosted by Robert Stack and it was an early precursor to reality based television. It featured stories about alien close encounters, Bigfoot, and the usual array of hauntings and myths. They also spotlighted unsolved murders and other serious crimes. (You fans of Forensic Files will get a kick out of it, too. Mostly because of how bone headed and crooked law enforcement was back in the 80’s. Seriously, we’ve come a long way when it comes to criminal investigation; we were like fucking cavemen back in the 80’s.) If you watch the first couple of seasons of the show, you’ll notice a trend in virtually every segment involving a disappearance or murder. That trend was making sure to blame the murder on the work of a possible Satanic cult.

Yeah, Satan was HUGE back in the 80’s. Most of America was scared shitless of heavy metal (particularly Metallica for some reason?) and its millions of long haired, head-banging fans. Most Americans thought anyone who was listening to this high-octane garbage was inviting the devil into their homes. And once Beelzebub was kicking back in your living room drinking all the beer and monopolizing the television, there was a better chance than not everyone in the house would be committing human sacrifice and drinking the blood of babies on a daily basis.

I know what you’re thinking, how the fuck could people believe this kind of shit? Well, considering that nearly 90% of Americans at the time believed in both god and the devil, and we only had three major media outlets, all of which were pretty much nothing but state run television. They created the narrative, and we swallowed it whole and gagged on it.

Of course, we had the West Memphis Three (we all know how that one ended up), the McMartin Preschool (we also know how that one ended up, and if you don’t, it was fucked), and the Night Stalker, Richard Ramirez. In the minds of the American public, these three separate cases were proof enough that Satan had invaded the states and he was set to devour us all.

No, I’m not a fan of the idealized, booze glazed version of 80’s nostalgia. But I am a fan of the true 80’s nostalgia that’s beginning to emerge in literature over the last several years.

There’s a small handful of novels that have tackled this ugly, superstitious period in our recent history, and to put it bluntly, the three books I’ll be spotlighting depict these events with such clarity and honesty that they could act as histories of the deep-set paranoia and web of lies Satanic Panic actually was.

'Weirdo' by Cathi Unsworth

This UK novel (yes, England also experienced wide-spread Satanic Panic, but it was largely associated with punk and a plethora of moody goths such as the Smiths and the Cure) ranks not only as one of the best novels of Satanic Panic, but as one of the best British crime novels of the last twenty years. The story of the conviction of Corinne Woodrow for the ritualistic murder of one of her classmates is a multi-layered narrative of paranoia and long buried secrets. Unsworth masterfully weaves dozens of characters and multiple timelines, creating a near claustrophobic sense of dread on every page. Her sense of place and history are firmly on display as she depicts the events leading up to and after the murder. Part detective procedural and paranoid thriller, Weirdo easily ranks alongside such historical crime novels such as Peace’s 1974 and Ellroy’s L.A. Confidential. What’s most surprising about Weirdo is its intense emotional impact. It’s a living history of how truly barbaric we were as a culture and of how quickly we jumped to conclusions no matter how ludicrous those conclusions were.

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'Ill Will' by Dan Chaon

I reviewed Ill Will last month, so I’m not going to go too hard into the plot. But what I found most striking about Chaon’s latest novel is how he portrayed false, or “implanted” memories. This was another pseudo-science which emerged in the 80’s during the early days of the McMartin pre-school trial. For Chaon’s characters, most of the memories of the night of their parents' murders are manufactured, yet these children manage to convince their minds that they had witnessed what they did: ritualistic, bloody killings. And the children aren’t entirely to blame for these memories. As a police/media narrative around the killings begins to take shape, it becomes reality. Repressed memory therapy is perhaps the most frightening “science” to come out of the 80’s, and Chaon perfectly examines this fault filled form of hypnosis. Once again, folks, Ill Will is the best American novel I’ve read this year.

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'Girls On Fire' by Robin Wasserman

This book by YA novelist Wasserman (by the way, this is most definitely not a YA, so don’t be giving it to your 12-year-old niece for her birthday) takes place at the tail end of Satanic Panic in 1991, where drug fueled grunge was slowly but surely replacing metal as the evil music of its time. What Girls On Fire demonstrates best is the fear of the “other”; the dangerous alien in our midst who dresses all in black, and most likely does drugs and drinks while hanging out at the local graveyard. The dread filled xenophobia of this novel is quintessentially American in every way. We’ve always feared those who are different than us, particularly those who don’t conform to religious and economic community standards. Girls On Fire is a story of transformation and the so-called danger of marching to your own beat, something which doomed the West Memphis Three to a lifetime of incarceration and attempting to prove their innocence.

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I find this period in our history equally fascinating and infuriating, and I would love to read more about it. What are some of your favorite books about Satanic Panic? And I mean histories, testimonials, the whole range of weirdness. Let me know down in the comments.

About the author

Keith Rawson is a little-known pulp writer whose short fiction, poetry, essays, reviews, and interviews have been widely published both online and in print. He is the author of the short story collection The Chaos We Know (SnubNose Press)and Co-Editor of the anthology Crime Factory: The First Shift. He lives in Southern Arizona with his wife and daughter.

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