Career Writing in Three Steps


It was roughly ten years ago when I made the decision to write. I was the angry, young author archetype pounding away on his keyboard, totally wired on cigarettes and booze and this passion for the written word. Nothing could stop me. Yet, like most people starting out, I had no direction whatsoever. I approached the craft guns blazing, paying little mind to things like agents and query letters and lit mags. Even if I had a book ready I wouldn’t have known what to do with it. Young writers, I’ve often found, have the drive but lack the direction.  As a result, they usually burn through a few years with little to no results, and I’m no exception. I wasted about four.

Fast-forward to now, the sun is setting on my twenties. My temperament has leveled out but my publishing prospects have never been better.  I signed two contracts this year already, pulled in some advance money, and my agent is currently working on a third.  My calendar is booked with projects for at least the next year. I wouldn’t say I’ve ‘made it’ yet, but it feels like I’m on the right track. It’s certainly better than where I was ten years ago when I was first starting out.

Looking back on the last decade, I’ve come to realize that the journey thus far can be divided up into three levels of progression. I’d like to share those now.

Learn to Write:

Master the basics first. No one is going to care how good your idea is if your work is a grammatical mess. Learn where commas go. Check your spelling. Know the difference between ‘their,’ ‘there,’ and ‘they’re.’ You can’t play the guitar until you master the scales.  Same with this. Learn the damn scales: grammar, punctuation, capitalization, etc. This is all the stuff you learned in high school English class, so I hope you paid attention. If not, then it’s time to brush up.

Since you’re learning to write, let’s dispel a little rumor while we’re at it: no one is self-taught. Perhaps you’re not one of those MFA folk studying at Iowa University or taking what would be considered ‘formal education.’ That doesn’t change the fact that you need to learn how to write from somebody. This is the exact reason why nine out of ten authors will tell you the best way to learn to write is to read a lot. Every essay or poem or novel you consume will yield something useful, even the ones you don’t care for. Reading is learning, and at this stage in the game, you should be learning as much as humanly possible.  So learn through reading, and learn by seeking out the people who know more than you do. Take classes. Enroll in a writers’ workshop. Surround yourself with individuals who are trying to do the same thing you are.

Then you need to find yourself. Find what you want to write. Find your style, your voice, your genre. Find the regiment that suits your lifestyle. No one expects anything of you, so write whatever the hell you want. Go nuts. That’s the allure of the written word: complete uninhibited freedom, the ability to do or say anything that comes to mind. Write often. Experiment. Make mistakes. Find your comfort zone.

It’s a process that takes years. You’re never really done learning, but eventually, you’ll get to a point where you feel ready for print.

Learn to Publish:

Most young writers have the wide brushstrokes planned out: write the book, get an agent, and then let the agent sell it to the highest bidder. If only it were that simple.

The game has changed, and it’s gotten to the point where there are so many aspiring writers out there that it’s close to impossible to nail down representation with no experience to back you up. I’m not saying it can’t be done. It can. However, I’m a firm believer in the building of credentials, or as some have come to refer to it: the writer’s resume.

Learn to write, learn to publish.

Publishing is how you start to establish your career as an author, and more and more places crop up every day looking for submissions: small lit mags and independent blogs. New publishers are more likely to give a new writer a chance, so getting a few pieces of work up shouldn’t be a problem. In fact, if you have a Duotrope account (which all of you should) there are some places that have a 100% acceptance rate. The real trick to building your resume is escalation, going bigger. Don’t get in the habit of letting anyone with a Blogspot or Wordpress take your work, and don’t limit yourself by publishing in the same place multiple times. Let’s say that you have three stories ready: would you rather publish at Word Riot three times or split them between Word Riot, The Nervous Breakdown, and Caketrain?

That second scenario not only shows more diversity in your experience, but each publication has a different readership. The more readers you can hit, the better. So publish widely and publish often. There’s absolutely no shame in starting small, but it’s up to you to pursue those more exclusive publications as these are the kinds of things that agents and editors look for. The goal here is not only to build a following but to look better on paper than the next guy. Remember, it’s not all about short stories; you can publish essays, book reviews, columns, etc.

Get as much experience under your belt as you can. The more seasoned you become, the more likely you’ll be able to cash in on it.

Learn to Make Money:

This is the hardest part. Just to make something clear, no one should get into writing specifically for the money. If money is all you’re after, go be a lawyer or something. You’ll save yourself lots of time and anguish that way.

There are a few ways to make some significant scratch penning words, but this runs a parallel with the publishing section: you’re more than likely going to have to start small and work your way up. Some publications will throw you $25 for a story. Others, like Electric Literature for example, will shell out $1,000. Keep in mind, the more money at stake, the longer the wait typically is to hear back. If you’re looking for shorter response times, you can find tons of contests on places like Some only pay a few hundred, others pay a few thousand, but each one is going to have some kind of entry fee. Isolate the ones you believe you have a legitimate shot at winning and go for it.

Of course, the bigger payday lies with the selling of your novel, and if you’ve got the publication credentials under your belt, this makes getting an agent that much easier. If you’ve won some contests, even better. Agents don’t get paid unless you get paid, so having one is likely to yield more money than not having one since they can query places like Random House and Doubleday. If you don’t have representation, you won’t be able to do that. Always remember that being an author is a marathon, not a sprint. The first few books you write might be through small or medium-sized houses. You may have to self-publish or do a Kindle-only release. A sale to one of the Big 6 might take a few tries.

Those are the main methods: short story pay-outs, contest winnings, and book royalties/advances. Freelance work can be beneficial too if there’s a website or magazine opening that you can find.


Again, learn to write, learn to publish, learn to make money.

This will not be a fast and easy process. In fact, it’ll likely be many years before you start to see significant success. The trick (which isn’t really a trick) is never giving up and never going backwards. Don’t let a rejection or bad review stop you. I guarantee you that your favorite book of all-time has plenty of bad reviews and got rejected multiple times before it found a home, so learn to not give a shit. Keep moving, and keep moving upwards. Don’t publish a short story on some new Blogspot when you know you can get it put up on an established site or lit mag. If you publish your first novel with a small press, make sure the next novel is on a bigger label.

Continually improve. Never stop. You get back what you put into this, and if you play the game long enough, it will pay off.

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Brandon Mudd's picture
Brandon Mudd April 5, 2012 - 8:40am

Great advice. I've done all those things & now, as I'm pushing 40, I'm switching genres. So I get to start all over again. Thanks for the reminder of what needs to be done.

Eric Strohm's picture
Eric Strohm April 5, 2012 - 8:49am

Thank you for this. I'm still having trouble learning the basics of writing. Any extra advice on that subject will help a lot.

eirikodin's picture
eirikodin from Auburn, NY is reading Mediterranean Caper by Clive Cussler April 5, 2012 - 9:02am

I think some kind of writers conference would be my next step at this point, but I can't find the time with work and the ever sparse home life.  Until I get some time off it's perfecting my query letter for myself.  Thanks for the advice.

R.Moon's picture
R.Moon from The City of Champions is reading The Last Thing He Wanted by Joan Didion; Story Structure Architect by Victoria Lynn Schimdt PH.D; Creating Characters by the editors of Writer's Digest April 5, 2012 - 9:15am

Thanks Brandon. I'm at the stage now where I can begin to seriously consider sending out my work to potential publishers. I'm still looking for a home for Hardboiled Hell.

@Eric: first, let me say that I am not a published author, nor am I an authority on the subject. But, what I can give you is my experience in the few years I've been writing. First, take Brandon's advice and read. Read a shit ton. Read books, short stories, flash fiction, etc... Outside of the particular genre you're looking to write in. Really, just read anything you can get your hands on. Read even more in the genre you want to write in. Second, write. Write anything and do it a lot. Third, and this is strictly a recommendation, but join the workshop here. There are a ton of great writers on here, as well as reviewers. The site has helped me tremendously. Have a thick skin, but know too, that no one here will tell you you're story sucks. We all give constructive criticism, and some of it may not be what you want to hear, but in the long run it'll make you a better writer. Like I said, I'm not published (yet) and I'm not the greatest writer, but these are the things that have worked for me. Take them as suggestions. Hope i could help in some way. Keep writing and I hope to see you in the workshop.


Boone Spaulding's picture
Boone Spaulding from Coldwater, Michigan, U.S.A. is reading Solarcide Presents: Nova Parade April 5, 2012 - 9:55am

Never made the decision to be a writer first - possibly due to all my idols who made their living otherwise (Conrad, Heller, Faulkner, etc.). However, in all the fields I've worked I've been used to put words and processes into print (transcription of life, basically) so that my bosses/supervisors would not embarrass themselves or the, I write at work but not professionally...

It’s a process that takes years. You’re never really done learning, but eventually, you’ll get to a point where you feel ready for print."

Yes, that's where I feel I am now. Fine article, very pragmatic.


.'s picture
. April 5, 2012 - 12:56pm

Awesome article. 

1979semifinalist's picture
1979semifinalist from California but living in NYC is reading Joe Hill's NOS4A2 April 6, 2012 - 8:11am

Great piece.

I find the "learn not to give a shit" to be particularly true. That's one of the best things for me about writing columns, reviews, and blogging in general. It really thickens your skin nicely, helps you remember that it's impossible to please everyone.

Eric Strohm's picture
Eric Strohm April 6, 2012 - 9:12am

Thank you R.Moon for the advice. I'll be joining as soon as I get my new debit card. I'm going to read now.

R.Moon's picture
R.Moon from The City of Champions is reading The Last Thing He Wanted by Joan Didion; Story Structure Architect by Victoria Lynn Schimdt PH.D; Creating Characters by the editors of Writer's Digest April 7, 2012 - 12:00am

No problem Eric. Always here to help.