Columns > Published on February 24th, 2014

Ask the Grammarian: How "snuck" sneaked in...

Well, it appears you all don't need more grammar advice, so this will be the last Ask the Grammarian column. Thank you to all who asked questions and who read these columns. They were fun, and I learned a lot from researching the answers to your great inquiries.

I do have one last question to attend to though, so let's get to it.

Emily J Chaney writes:

I cannot stand the word 'sneaked'. How evil is it if I use the word snuck? Never mind. Once I typed it I saw the ugliness of the word.

Maybe that is the difference. Speaking 'snuck' is okay, but writing it is not.

Well, Emily, you are not alone. I fully admit to preferring “snuck” to “sneaked” and use it for all instances of “to sneak” in past tense or as a past participle. It just feels right.

Since the English language is full of such incongruities, it didn't seem like a crime to use it without reservation. There are plenty of other seemingly similar examples in which verbs become past tense or past participles by taking on a slightly new identity, not by simply adding “ed” or “en”.

  • shake becomes shook
  • ring becomes rung
  • shine becomes shone

However, it is an odd one, actually. As Stan Cary (@stancary) points out in his blog entry on the topic:

The shift from sneaked to snuck is unusual: when verb endings change, they usually go from strong to weak. (Dig, string, and dive are other examples of weak-to-strong drift.) Burchfield points out that no other English verb with an -eek or -eak ending makes a past tense -uck; he lists creak, freak, leak, peak, peek, reek, seek, squeak, streak, wreak, and shriek.

He's right; we don't say:

  • I totally fruck out when I saw how high the water bill was.
  • She shruck with delight at the sight of the sparkling new kitchen.
  • The sippy cup luck sticky, purple juice all over the back seat.

At least, we don't say it yet. But before we start blaming this lazy generation for corrupting yet another perfectly good grammar rule, the devolution of sneak started long before we started speaking in initialisms and trading information in 140 characters or less. Check out this graph that shows how the nonstandard usage has “snuck” into our literature over the last 60 or so years.

An Oxford University Press article by Anatoly Libermanon on the etymology of snuck points out that the verb to sneak was a weird one to begin with. Apparently the word is only about 400 years old, and it began to change almost immediately and without a clear path from sneaked to snuck.

At the end of the article, he points out that the popularity of snuck may be because it really does just feel better.

An eminent British scholar devoted a long article to snuck and came to the conclusion that snuck, from the way it sounds, describes its action better than sneaked. His conclusion is probably right. Snuck is shorter and therefore more “final” than sneaked.

I tend to believe that people use language subconsciously as well as consciously, so when a formation happens that seems to fit the action better than the grammatically “correct” version, people feel comfortable using it and reusing it to the point that we can hardly remember where it came from. Rules of grammar and usage exist to ensure understanding, so if a particular construction is established and there exists no possibility of misunderstanding, then it can become an accepted use of the word.

In my opinion, it seems until one or the other version falls out of favor, you can use either without fear of reproach—especially if you use in it alliteratively appropriate situations.

  • Lee sneaked a peek at the her friend's spiked heels.
  • The pup snuck a shrimp from the bucket.

There is LOTS of additional reading on the topic, so if you'd like to read more, here are a few articles I found.

About the author

Taylor Houston is a genuine Word Nerd living in Portland, OR where she works as a technical writer for an engineering firm and volunteers on the planning committee for Wordstock, a local organization dedicated to writing education.

She holds a degree in Creative Writing and Spanish from Hamilton College in Clinton, NY. In the English graduate program at Penn State, she taught college composition courses and hosted a poetry club for a group of high school writers.

While living in Seattle, Taylor started and taught a free writing class called Writer’s Cramp (see the website). She has also taught middle school Language Arts & Spanish, tutored college students, and mentored at several Seattle writing establishments such as Richard Hugo House. She’s presented on panels at Associated Writing Programs Conference and the Pennsylvania College English Conference and led writing groups in New York, Pennsylvania, and Colorado for writers of all ages & abilities. She loves to read, write, teach & debate the Oxford Comma with anyone who will stand still long enough.

Similar Columns

Explore other columns from across the blog.

Book Brawl: Geek Love vs. Water for Elephants

In Book Brawl, two books that are somehow related will get in the ring and fight it out for the coveted honor of being declared literary champion. Two books enter. One book leaves. This month,...

The 10 Best Sci-Fi Books That Should Be Box Office Blockbusters

It seems as if Hollywood is entirely bereft of fresh material. Next year, three different live-action Snow White films will be released in the States. Disney is still terrorizing audiences with t...

Books Without Borders: Life after Liquidation

Though many true book enthusiasts, particularly in the Northwest where locally owned retailers are more common than paperback novels with Fabio on the cover, would never have set foot in a mega-c...

From Silk Purses to Sows’ Ears

Photo via Moviegoers whose taste in cinema consists entirely of keeping up with the Joneses, or if they’re confident in their ignorance, being the Joneses - the middlebrow, the ...

Cliche, the Literary Default

Original Photo by Gerhard Lipold As writers, we’re constantly told to avoid the cliché. MFA programs in particular indoctrinate an almost Pavlovian shock response against it; workshops in...

A Recap Of... The Wicked Universe

Out of Oz marks Gregory Maguire’s fourth and final book in the series beginning with his brilliant, beloved Wicked. Maguire’s Wicked universe is richly complex, politically contentious, and fille...

Learning | Free Lesson — LitReactor | 2024-05

Try Reedsy's novel writing masterclass — 100% free

Sign up for a free video lesson and learn how to make readers care about your main character.

Reedsy Marketplace UI

1 million authors trust the professionals on Reedsy. Come meet them.

Enter your email or get started with a social account: