Ask The Agent: A Look At Graphic Novel Submissions

Navigating the rough terrain of today’s publishing industry shouldn’t be a solo event. This week in Ask the Agent, I’ll explore and dissect a few of the industry’s graphic novel mysteries.

I want to talk specifically about graphic novels today. Over the past few months, I have received numerous questions regarding the submission of graphic novels to agents, so I decided to dedicate this particular Ask The Agent to some of those questions.

Questions from Lela

As one of the relatively few agents that accept graphic novels, can you talk about what you look for in a script and whether or not a writer who isn't an artist should bother trying to break into this area of publishing?

1. I look for proper formatting. Little mistakes here and there are fine. But screenplay formatting and/or prose are unacceptable. It shows me so many things, namely that you’re not familiar with the genre you want to write in.

2. Outside of formatting, I look for things like: are the captions too long? Does the dialogue in the panel give enough information without being verbose? I usually storyboard the first few pages (if it’s just a script without sample panels) and see how it pans out as an actual graphic novel. You’d be surprised how easy it is to make a mess of captions!

3. I look to see that the writer has a grasp on description and an eye for detail. This makes working with an artist so much easier

It doesn’t matter at all whether or not you are an artist. I take on more scripts without art than I take on fully illustrated graphic novels. It’s highly subject so take this with a grain of salt, but my experience with editors is that they like to bring in their own artists. So please do not let that deter you from writing comic scripts.

Questions from Whitney

My question is about query formats in regards to graphic novels. With many submission guidelines asking for the first 5-10 pages pasted in the body of the email, I was wondering how to go about keeping the script format this way. 

Since graphic novels are written in a sort of screenplay style format, pasting the first few pages into the body of an email ruins this formatting. Is there a way you have seen to get around this? I would also like to include art samples since I am also the artist. Should I include a link to art? I know that attachments are frowned upon. 

You’re right; you definitely don’t want to paste your graphic novel script pages into a query. Even if it looked perfect on your screen, you never know how it will show up on the agent’s screen. I’ve personally never received a graphic novel query with the first 5 pages pasted in the email. It’s never really bothered me because I understand the difficulties. So if you don’t do it, don’t sweat it.

However, if you would like to really impress an agent, you could include (with your query) a link to a website with your material. Of course this will involve some work and possibly some money on your part, but it’s worth it.

It could be a simple website that includes a detailed synopsis of your graphic novel, samples of your art, and most importantly, a password protected PDF of your graphic novel script. Make sure it’s password protected because you wouldn’t want some jabroni running across your site and stealing your work. *Make sure to include the password in your query to the agent.

It should look something like this:

Dear Agent,

Blah blah *query letter* blah blah.

I’d love for you to take a look at the first five pages of my graphic novel script and some sample art. You can view both on my website The password to view the script is __________.

[Closing remarks]

I’m always very impressed when a graphic artist presents a simple, sleek, user-friendly site in order for me to view their material.

And finally… yes… no attachments.

Questions from Ryan

I’m really interested in writing for the DC or Marvel team. It’s my understanding they don’t really work with agents so I don’t know how to get my work in their hands. How does an unknown/unpublished comics writer get in the door of DC or Marvel?

My answer to this is good luck.

From my experience with DC and Marvel, it’s all about the people you know. And it would help if those people were well-respected writers/artists for the company. An agent may be able to get you into some doors, but likely not. I’ve worked with some Vertigo (an imprint of DC) editors. But as far as the IP work at DC and Marvel… I’ve never approached that.

If you look at DC’s website, they say:

At this time, DC Entertainment does not accept unsolicited artwork or writing submissions.

Like many creative fields, breaking into the comic book business as an artist can be an exciting but challenging process. It takes proper training, a ton of practice, making the right contacts, learning to sell your talents, building a strong portfolio and much patience. However, time and time again, the best advice we can offer aspiring artists is: Go to a Comics Convention! Comic book conventions offer an ideal forum for meeting working professionals and publishers in the same location. It's also a great place to get feedback on your portfolio, speak to editors, and ask lots of questions. The only catch is being realistic about the process - not everyone is ready to work in comics

DC does what they call a “Talent Search”—go here to learn more about it.

Questions from Andrew

(I answered this in a previous Ask the Agent, but I think it is important for those of you who missed it.)

When receiving a query letter from a graphic novel writer, do you only consider their project if they have included some completed artwork?

I have taken on many graphic novel projects without artwork. Editors often like to choose their own graphic artists (many times in-house), and it can be quite the process. Often, editors love the script but hate the art or love the art and hate the script. So frankly, it is easier for me to take on a script without artwork and pitch that to editors. One thing to consider: It may help to give the agent an idea of what kind of art you envision for the project.

General Graphic Novel Submission Pro tip: When I am gearing up to submit a graphic novel to an editor, I email them and ask what they expect to see. Do they want a proposal? Full script? Sample art? There is no shame in asking before you send. (However, ALWAYS check the agent’s submission guidelines first. They may tell you what they expect to see with graphic novels).

Thank your for all the wonderful questions this week. "Be well, do good work, and keep in touch" -Garrison Keillor

Have a question about the publishing industry? I would love to discuss the specifics of researching and querying agents, finding the right agent, proper publishing etiquette, how to go from idea to completed manuscript, marketing yourself, social media for writers, and anything else you can think of!

I am now taking questions for Issue 15 of Ask the Agent. Issue 15 answers will be posted Monday, Jan 21st.

Bree Ogden

Column by Bree Ogden

Bree Ogden is a literary agent at Red Sofa Literary and a comics/TV columnist and reviewer at Bloody Disgusting.

When she's not agenting, compulsively watching horror films, reading comics, hiding out at her local science center, or killing off her bee colonies, she serves as the managing editor of the macabre children's magazine Underneath the Juniper Tree, which she co-founded in 2011 with artist Rebekah Joy Plett.

Bree teaches query craft and graphic novel scripting at LitReactor as well as serves as the Assistant Class Director. Unless you are an exciting new piece of taxidermy, she'll probably never let you in her room. You can find her at

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cshultz81's picture
cshultz81 from Oklahoma is reading Best Horror of the Year Volume 8 January 7, 2013 - 11:21am

Concerning the need for a simple website displaying your work, there's an online site builder called Weebly that gives amazing results, and it's free. It's also, so far anyway, unlimited space. I have hundreds of photos uploaded there and I've never once received a notice telling me I'm out of storage. If you can learn some simple HTML you can make nice little customizations to the page too. (I promise I'm not getting paid to say this either.)

Steven Salpeter Literary Agent's picture
Steven Salpeter... October 18, 2016 - 1:31pm

As one of the few literary agents working on graphic novels, I'd highly recommend graphic novelists do at least some of their scripting in Word. I know it is counterintuitive to design work and programs like Celltx make graphic novel manuscripts easier to format, but word is still the industry standard in publishing and PDFs frustrate many editors. I often consider samples and graphic novel proposals in PDF and other formats, but only make submissions in Word.

Steven Salpeter
Curtis Brown, Ltd.