New Evidence Casts Doubt on Capote’s ‘In Cold Blood’

Capote and Harper Lee

In Cold Blood. You’ve probably seen the movie, even if you haven’t read Truman Capote’s true crime book about the murder of a farmer and his family in Holcomb, Kansas. The deaths of the Clutter family made national headlines, including the New York Times article which inspired Capote to write the book. His fascination with the story even caused him to travel to Holcomb with his close friend, Harper Lee of To Kill a Mockingbird fame, to visit the scene of the killings.

Over the next two years, he became closely acquainted with all the people involved with the case, but took no notes during interviews, instead writing down quotes immediately afterward, claiming his memory retention was over 90%. It appears now that while his memory may have been accurate, what he wrote may not have been.

The Kansas Bureau of Investigation has consistently supported the accuracy of the book, but case files found at KBI indicate the author “massaged the facts in at least two chapters”, probably to cast Alvin Dewey in a better light. The academics and critics are going to have a field day as they’ve been picking the book apart almost since its publication in 1966.

Notably, they suggest that Capote was incorrect when he said that Mr Dewey and his team responded instantly when, after 14 days of stumbling in the dark, they received a tip-off that two drifters, Richard Hickock and Perry Smith, were responsible. The men were eventually convicted and executed. The book says an agent was dispatched immediately to investigate. The papers say Mr Dewey dithered for five days.

Capote and Dewey’s relationship doesn’t appear to be altogether Kosher, either, as the author was given access to all the case files for a week and exclusive interviews with the killers in the run up to their trials and execution. And Capote repaid him by making him a hero. He even got Dewey’s wife hired as a consultant during the filming of the first In Cold Blood movie.

It looks like Capote, like a lot of authors, wasn’t one to let the facts get in the way of a good story. Which raises the question: how far would you go to tell a good story?

Dean Fetzer

News by Dean Fetzer

Dean Fetzer is originally from a small town in eastern Colorado, but has lived in London, England, for the past 21 years. After a career in graphic design, he started a pub review website in the late 90’s; He left that in 2011 to concentrate on his thriller writing, as well as offering publishing services for authors, poets and artists. When not writing - or in the pub - he can be found in the theatre, live music venues and travelling.

To leave a comment Login with Facebook or create a free account.


True Romaine Spence's picture
True Romaine Spence February 11, 2013 - 4:50pm

That's it?  Well, I guess from a historical standpoint it's important to get all the facts on record, but it seems rather lame to me.  I didn't take the book to be gospel truth in the first place.  If the facts regarding who did what to whom are correct, who cares at this late stage if the author bent minor details to improve the story?  I always thought the bit about the "Spanish rice" and the friendly squirrel were a bit silly.  It almost seemed like Capote was trying to create sympathy for one of the killers -- I forget which.

But what the heck. It was a different time in America.  The murders were shocking on multiple levels back then.  These days?  Worse happens daily and nobody cares.

Pretty Spry for a Dead Guy's picture
Pretty Spry for... from I'd prefer it if you didn't know. So would you, only you don't know it. is reading whatever he makes time for this week February 11, 2013 - 8:07pm

In Cold Blood is a book wherein the author describes the thoughts of a character whose real-life counterpart's death had prompted the writing of said book.

In other words, it's not so factual.

Professors really hammer in the point that Capote wrote during a time when the rules for creative nonfiction were much less strict than now. If he wrote it today, he'd have to cite everything. The whole "writing from memory" thing wouldn't fly.

Zen Pro's picture
Zen Pro February 12, 2013 - 5:01am

Precise facts aside, I remember this book as a cracking read. Recommended. 


Fylh's picture
Fylh from from from is reading is from is reading is reading is reading reading is reading February 13, 2013 - 11:10am

This is one of the very few classics I absolutely hated. I found his incessant condescension toward his subjects (especially the murdered family) really off-putting at the time. I'd be hard pushed to be more specific than that, nowadays.

I loved his first novel. Other Places, Other Rooms. One of my favorites for years.